Urban Africa 2050
Gauteng City-Region, South Africa

Population
2018: 14.717 million (GCRO, 2018)
2050: 25.184 million (Landau &Gindrey, 2008)

Host Institution
Institute for Urban Ministry

Overview of the City:
The African city of study is the Gauteng City-Region, the economic and administrative hub ofSouth Africa. Long before there was a city-region rocky ridges cascading into freshwater valleys sustained human settlements, migrations and economic development for thousands of years (Mabin 2013; Okihiro 1973; Rasmussen 1976, Van Schalkwyk 2014:3). The society and settlements started to take an urban turn with the establishment of Pretoria in 1855 and the Witwatersrand gold rush in the 1880s (Mabin 2013). According to reputable town planners, Fair and Mallows (1959:130), by 1896 ‘the polynuclear structure’ of the modern-day urban pattern was already formed. It was not until 2004 that the notion of the Gauteng City-Region functioning as a ‘continuous polycentric urban region’ captured the imagination of planning processes (Mabin 2013:3; SACN 2004:167). Today, we are enquiring how the Gauteng City-Region can be a flourishing African city in 2050 as urban theology engages urban planning

  • Amin, A., 2006, ‘The good city’, Urban Studies43(5/6), 1009−1023. http://dx.doi. org/10.1080/00420980600676717
  • Amin, A., & Thrift, N., 2002, Cities: Reimagining the urban, Polity, Cambridge.
  • Bernstein, A. & Rule, S., 2010, ‘Flying under South Africa’s radar: The growth and impact of Pentecostals in a developing country’, in P.L. Berger & G. Redding (eds.), The hidden form of capital: Spiritual influences in societal progress, pp. 91−131, Anthem Press, London.
  • Cadge, W., Ecklund, E.H., 2007, ‘Immigration and religion’, Annual Review of
    Sociology, 33, 359-379, viewed 25 April 2017, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/29737767
  • Castells, M, 1983, The city and the grassroots: A cross-cultural theory of urban social movements,
    University of California Press, Berkeley & Los Angeles, CA.
  • Christopher, A.J., 1983, ‘From Flint to Soweto: Reflections on the colonial origins of
    the Apartheid City’, The Royal Geographical Society 15(2), 145-149.
  • Davey, A., 2001, Urban Christianity and global order: Theological resources for an urban future, SPCK, London.
  • Davies, R., 1981, ‘The Spatial formation of the South African city’, GeoJournal,
    supplementary issue 2, 59-72.
  • Davis, M., 2007, Planet of Slums, Verso, London.
  • Demissie, F. (ed.), 2007, Postcolonial African cities: Imperial legacies and postcolonial
    predicaments, Routledge, Oxon.
  • Deneulin, S., Rakodi, C., 2011, ‘Revisiting Religion: Development Studies Thirty
    Years On’, World Development 39(1), pp. 45–54, viewed 23 May 2017, from doi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2010.05.007
  • De Beer, S., 2016, ‘The “good city” or “post-colonial catch-basins of violent empire”? A contextual theological appraisal of South Africa’s Integrated Urban Development Framework’, HTS Teologiese Studies/ Theological Studies 72(4), a3543. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v72i4.3543
  • Everatt, D., 2011, ‘GRC Vignette 4: Participation, civil society & religiosity,’ viewed 16 October  2017, from http://www.gcro.ac.za/media/reports/vignette_dec_2011.pdf
  • Fair, T. J. D. & Mallows, E. W. N., 1959, ‘The Southern Transvaal’, Town Planning Review 30 (2), 125-138, viewed 24 November 2018, from https://www.jstor.org/stable/40102273.
  • Freund, B., 2007, The African city: A history, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge/Cape Town.
  • Gauteng City Region Observatory (GCRO), 2018, About the GCRO, viewed 27 April 2018, from http://www.gcro.ac.za/about/about-the-gcro
  • Gauteng Provincial Government, 2015, Gauteng Spatial Development Framework 2030, viewed 31 July 2017, from http://www.gautengonline.gov.za/Publications/GSDF%202030.pdf
  • Gilbert, A., 2007, ‘The return of the slum: does language matter?’,International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 31(4), 697-713.
  • Gornik, M., 2011, Word made global: Stories of African Christianity in New York City,
    Kindle ed., Wm. B. Publishing Co., Grand Rapids.
  • Graham, E., 2008, ‘What makes a good city? Reflections on urban life and faith’, International Journal of Public Theology 2(1), 7−26. http://dx.doi. org/10.1163/156973208X256420
  • Graham, E., 2009, ‘Theology in the city: Ten years after Faith in the City’, in E. Graham, Words made flesh: Writings in pastoral and practical theology, pp. 189−206, SCM Press, London.
  • Graham, E. & Scott, P.M., 2008, ‘Special issue – Public theology and the city: Urban theology as public theology’, International Journal of Public Theology 2(1), 1–6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/156973208X256411
  • Graham, E. & Lowe, S., 2009, What makes a good city? Public theology and the urban church, Darton, Longman & Todd, London..
  • Haferburg, C., &Huchzermeyer, M. (eds.), 2015, Urban governance in post-apartheid cities: Modes of engagement in South Africa’s metropoles, University of KwaZulu-Natal Press, Pietermaritzburg.
  • Hankela, E., 2014, Ubuntu, migration and ministry: Being human in a Johannesburg church, Brill, Leiden. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/9789004274136
  • Harber, A., 2011, Diepsloot, Jonathan Ball, Johannesburg/Cape Town.
  • Harrison, P., Gotz, G., Todes, A. & Wray, C. (eds.), 2014, Changing space, changing city:
    Johannesburg after apartheid, Wits Press, Johannesburg.
  • Harrison, P., Todes, A., Huchzermeyer, M., & Rubin, M., 2016, Comments on the draft Gauteng spatial development framework, 2030, viewed 31 July 2017, from https://www.wits.ac.za/sacp/our-opinions/gauteng-sdf/
  • Huchzermeyer, M., 2011, Cities with ‘slums’: From informal settlement eradication to a
    right to the city in Africa, UCT Press, Claremont.
  • Jennings, W.J., 2010, The Christian imagination: Theology and the origins of race, Kindle ed., Yale University Press, New Haven & London.
  • Katongole, E., 2017, Born from Lament: The theology and politics of hope in Africa, Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., Grand Rapids, MI.
  • Keller, T., 2012, Center church: Doing balanced, gospel-centered ministry in your city,Zondervan, Grand Rapids.
  • Korten, D., 2006, ‘From empire to earth community’, Development 49(3), 76-81.
    doi:10.1057/palgrave.development.1100286
  • Kraas, F., 2007, ‘Megacities and global change: key priorities,’ Geographical Journal 173(1), 70-82.
  • Kritzinger, J.N.J., 2014, ‘Concrete spirituality’, HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 70(3), Art. #2782, 12 pages. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v70i3.2782
  • Kuljian, C., 2013, Sanctuary: How an inner-city church spilled over onto a sidewalk, Jacana, Auckland Park.
  • Landau, L., & Gindrey, V., 2008, ‘Migration and population trends in Gauteng Province 1996-2055’, Migration studies working paper #42 presented as a part of the Forced Migration Studies Programme University of Witswatersrand, October, viewed 12 November 2018, from http://urbanlandmark.org.za/newsletter/issue/0403/download/42_LandauGindrey.pdf
  • Lawrence-Lightfoot, S., 2005, ‘Reflections on portraiture: A dialogue between art and science’, Qualitative Inquiry, 11(1), 3-15. DOI: 10.1177/1077800404270955
  • Lawrence-Lightfoot, S., & Davis, J.H., 1997, The art and science of portraiture, Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA.
  • Long, N., 2001, Development sociology: Actor perspectives, Routledge, London & New
    York, NY.
  • Lynch, K., 1981, A theory of a good city form, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA & London.
  • Mabin, A., 1990, ‘Limits of urban transition models in understanding South African urbanisation,’ Development Southern Africa 7(3), 311-322.
  • Mabin, A., 2013, “The map of Gauteng: evolution of a city-region in concept and plan”, Gauteng City-Region Observatory Occasional Paper 05, Johannesburg.
  • Mabin, A., 2015, ‘Tshwane and spaces of power in South Africa,’ International
    Journal of Urban Sciences 19(1), 29-39. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/12265934.2014.982689
  • Maluleke, T.S., 1995, ‘Urban black townships: A challenge to Christian mission’, Missionalia 32(2), 162–183.
  • Manala, M.J., 2010, ‘“A better life for all”: A reality or a pipe-dream? A black theology intervention in conditions of poor service delivery in the democratic South Africa’, Scriptura 105, 519–531. http://dx.doi.org/10.7833/105-0-170
  • McKinsey Global Institute, 2012, ‘Africa at Work: Job creation and inclusive growth’, McKinsey Global Insitute, Washington, DC, viewed 31 July 2017, from http://www.mckinsey.com/global-themes/middle-east-and-africa/africa-at-work
  • McKnight, J., 1995, The careless society: Community and its counterfeits, Basic Books, New York.
  • Meeks, W.A., 1983, The first urban Christians: The social world of the Apostle Paul, Yale
    University Press, New Haven.
  • Mendieta, E., 2001, ‘Invisible cities: A phenomenology of globalisation from below’,
    City 5(1), 7–26. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13604810120057868.
  • Monitor, 2009, ‘Africa from the Bottom Up: Cities, economic growth, and prosperity in sub-Saharan Africa’, Monitor Group, Houghton, South Africa, viewed 31 July 2017, from http://www.suryacapital.com/data/assets/reports_96f3.pdf
  • Mphahlele, E., 1959, Down second avenue, Faber and Faber Limited, London.
  • Mubiwa, B., &Annegarn H., 2013, “Historical spatial change in the Gauteng City-
    Region,” Gauteng City Region Observatory Occasional Paper 04, viewed 30 May 2017, from http://gcro.ac.za/media/reports/mubiwe_occasional_paper_new.pdf
  • Mulder, M, 2012, ‘Evangelical church polity and the nuances of white flight: A case study from the Roseland and Englewood neighborhoods in Chicago’, Journal of Urban History 38(1): 16 –38.DOI: 10.1177/0096144211420637
  • Müller, J.C., 2017, ‘African postfoundational practical theology’, ActaTheologica37(1): 86‑96.
  • Meyers, G.A., 2010, Seven Themes in African Urban Dynamics, Discussion Paper No. 50, Nordiska Afrika institutet, Uppsala, viewed 31 July 2017, from http://www.diva-
    portal.org/smash/get/diva2:357355/FULLTEXT03.pdf
  • Meyers, G.A., 2011, African Cities: Alternative visions of urban theory and practice, Zed Books, London.
  • Nuttall, S., &Mbembe, A. (eds.), 2008, Johannesburg: The elusive metropolis, Wits University Press, Johannesburg.
  • Nicholls, W.J., & Beaumont, J.R., 2004, ‘The urbanisation of justice movements? Possibilities and constraints for the city as a space of contentious struggle’, Space and
    Polity, 8(2), 119-135. DOI: 10.1080/1356257042000273922
  • O’Conner, A., 1983, The African city, Hutchinson, London.
  • Okihiro, G.Y., 1973, ‘Resistance and accommodation: baKwena–baGasechele 1842–52’, Botswana Notes and Records 5, 104–116, viewed 20 May 2017, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/40979382
  • Parnell, S., &Pieterse, E. (eds.), 2014, Africa’s urban revolution, UCT Press, Cape Town.
  • Perkinson, J., 2001, ‘Theology and the city: Learning to cry, struggling to see’, Cross
    Currents 51(1), 95–114.
  • Pew Research Center’s Forum on Religion and Public Life, 2010, Tolerance and
    tension: Islam and Christianity in Sub-Saharan Africa, Pew Research Center, Washington D.C., viewed 28 April 2017, from http://pewforum.org/executive-summary-islam-and-christianity-in-sub-saharan-africa.aspx#footnotes
  • Pieterse, E. & Simone, AM. (eds.), 2013.Rogue urbanism: Emergent African cities, Jacana
    Media, Aukland Park.
  • Pieterse, E., 2014, ‘Epistemological practices of Southern Urbanism’, draft paper
    presented at the ACC Academic Seminar, 21 February, viewed 28 April 2017,
    from https://www.africancentreforcities.net/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/Epistemic-practices-of-southern-urbanism-Feb-2014.pdf
  • Potts, D., 2005, ‘Counter-urbanisation on the Zambian copperbelt? Interpretations and implications’, Urban Studies 42 (4), 583-609.
  • Potts, D., 2009, ‘The slowing of sub-Saharan Africa’s urbanization: evidence and implications for urban livelihoods’, Environment and Urbanization 21(1), 253-259.
  • Potts, D., & Mutambirwa, C., 1990, ‘Rural-urban linkages in contemporary Harare: why migrants need their land’, Journal of Southern Africa Studies 16(4): 677-98.
  • Purcell, M., 2002, ‘Excavating Lefebvre: The right to the city and its urban politics of
    the inhabitant’, GeoJournal58, 99-108.
  • Rakodi, C. (ed.), 1997, The Urban challenge in Africa: Growth and management of its large cities, United Nations University Press, Tokyo/New York.
  • Rakodi, C., & Lloyd-Jones, T. (eds.), 2002, Urban Livelihoods: A people-centred approach to reducing poverty, Earthscan, London.
  • Rakoczy, S., 2008, ‘Hope-giving faith communities: Reflections on experience’, Missionalia: Southern African Journal of Mission Studies, 36(1), 139-145.
  • Ramantswanah, H, 2012, ‘From bad to good: A dialogic reading of Genesis 1’, Journal for Semitics, 21/2, 237-268.
  • Rasmussen, R.K., 1976, ‘Mzilikazi’s migrations south of Limpopo, c. 1821–1827: A reassessment’, Transafrican Journal of History 5(1), 52–74, viewed 14 May 2017, from
    http://www.jstor.org/stable/24520287
  • Russell, L. (ed.), 1989, Church in the Round: Feminist Interpretation of the Church,
    Westminster/John Knox Press, Louisville.
  • Russel, L., 1992, ‘The city as battered woman’, in E.S. Meyers (ed.)Envisioning the new city: A reader on urban ministry, pp. 152-155, Westminster/John Knox Press, Louisville.
  • Sandercock, L, 2006, ‘Spirituality and the Urban Professions: The Paradox at the Heart of Planning’, Planning Theory & Practice, 7(1): 65–67.
  • Sanneh, L., 1983, West African Christianity: The religious impact, Orbis Books,
    Maryknoll.
  • Sanneh, L., 1995, ‘The Gospel, language and culture: The theological method in
    cultural analysis’, International Review of Mission 74 (322/323), 47-64.
  • Sanneh, L., 2008, Disciples of all nations: Pillars of world Christianity, Oxford University
    Press, New York.
  • Satterthwaite, D., 2007, The transition to a predominately urban world and its underpinnings. London: International Institute for Environment and Development, Human
    Settlements Discussion Paper, Theme: Urban Change No. 4, viewed 29 April 2017, from http://pubs.iied.org/pdfs/10550IIED.pdf
  • Satterthwaite, D., 2009, ‘The implications of population growth and urbanization for climate change’, Environment and Urbanization 21(2), 545-567.
  • Saunders, D., 2011, Arrival city: The final migration and our next world, Vintage, Toronto.
  • Senbel, M, 2006, ‘Embracing spirituality and religion in planning practice’, Planning Theory &
    Practice, 7(1): 95-97.
  • Shorter, A., 1991, The church in the African city, Orbis Books, Maryknoll.
  • Shannahan, C., 2016, Voices from the borderland: Re-imagining cross-cultural urban theology in the Twenty-First century (Cross Cultural Theologies) [Kindle Android version]. Retrieved from Amazon.com.
  • Simon, D., 2007, ‘Cities and global environmental change: exploring the links’, The Geographical Journal 173 (1), 75-79.
  • Simon, D., &Leck, H., 2010, ‘Urbanizing the global environmental change and human security agendas’, Climate and Development 2(3), 263-275.
  • Simone, A., 2004, For the city yet to come: Changing African life in four cities, Duke
    University Press, Durham.
  • Simone, A., 2010, City life from Jakarta to Dakar: Movements at the crossroads, Routledge,
    Oxon/New York.
  • Simone, A., 2010, ‘Infrastructure, real economies and social transformation: assembling components for regional urban development in Africa’. In E. Pieterse (ed.) Urbanization Imperatives for Africa: Transcending policy inertia, African Centre for Cities, Cape Town, 28-45.
  • Smith, C.G., 2009, Amissiological study of Pentecostal churches in an informal
    settlement in Nairobi, Kenya, Unpublished DTh thesis, University of South Africa, Pretoria, viewed 20 March 2017, from http://uir.unisa.ac.za/bitstream/handle/10500/535/00thesis.pdf
  • South African Cities Network (SACN), 2004, State of South Africa’s Cities, Johannesburg, viewed 12 November 2018, from http://www.sacities.net/wpcontent/uploads/2018/01/SOCR_2004.pdf
  • South African Cities Network, 2015, SPLUMA as a tool for spatial transformation, SACN Programme: Inclusive Cities, Johannesburg, viewed 25 June 2017, from http://www.sacities.net/wp-content/uploads/2015/SPLUMA-as-a-tool-for-spatial transformation_final.pdf
  • South African Cities Network & University of the Witwatersrand, 2017, BRICS cities: Facts and analysis 2016, South African Cities Network, Johannesburg, viewed 31 July 2017, from https://www.wits.ac.za/media/wits-university/faculties-and-schools/-engineering-and-the-built-environment/research-entities/sa-and-cp/images/documents/BRICS-Cities-2016-lowres-PRERELEASE.PDF
  • Steyn, G., 2009, Squatting and Settlement Making in Mamelodi, South Africa, in
    Falola, T., & Usman, A.A. (eds.), Movements, borders and identities in Africa, University of Rochester Press, Rochester, pp153-165.
  • Swart, I., 2010, ‘Networks and partnerships for social justice? The pragmatic turn in the religious social development debate in South Africa’, in I. Swart, H. Rocher, S. Green & J.C. Erasmus (eds.), Religion and social development in post-apartheid South Africa: Perspectives for critical engagement, pp. 15–36, SUN Press, Stellenbosch.
  • Swart, I., 2012, ‘Transforming social welfare? The religious discourse on social development in post-apartheid South Africa’, in I. Swart, A. Gouws, P. Pettersson, J.C. Erasmus & F. Bosman (eds.), Welfare, religion and gender in post-apartheid South Africa: Constructing a south-north dialogue, pp. 65–93, SUN Press, Stellenbosch.
  • Swart, I., 2013, ‘Towards the recovery of a critical and conceptually rich religious development discourse in South Africa: An argument for moving beyond the religion-state partnership agenda’, TheologiaViatorum37(1), 50–82.
  • Swart, I. & de Beer, S., 2014, ‘Doing urban public theology in South Africa:
    Introducing a new agenda’, HTS Theological Studies 70(3), Art. #2811, 14 pages. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v70i3.2811
  • Swilling, M., 2004, ‘Rethinking the sustainability of the South African city’, Development Update 5(1), 215–242.
  • Terreblanche, S., 2002, A history of inequality in South Africa 1652-2002, University of Kwa-Zulu Natal Press, Pietermaritzburg
  • Terreblanche, S., 2012, Lost in translation: South Africa’s search for a new future since 1986, KMM Review Publishing, Rosebank.
  • Terreblanche, S., 2014, Western empires: Christianity and the inequalities between the west and the rest 1500-2010, Penguin Books, Johannesburg.
  • Todes, A., Harrison., P., &Weakley, D., 2015, Resilient Densification: Four Studies from
    Johannesburg, University of the Witwatersrand, Gauteng City Region Observatory, Johannesburg, viewed 31 July 2017, from http://wiredspace.wits.ac.za/bitstream/handle/10539/19974/WA_Densification_Web.pdf?sequence=2&isAllowed=y
  • Torr, D.J., 2011, ‘The good city is not the fair city, the just city or the equal city: Urban regeneration, Johannesburg and the Anglican Church of Southern Africa (ACSA) on the margins’, unpublished DTh thesis, University of South Africa.
  • UNFPA (United Nations Population Fund), 2007, State of the world population 2007:
    Unleashing the potential of urban growth, UNFPA, New York, viewed 11 May 2015, from http://www.unfpa.org/sites/default/files/pub-pdf/695_filename_sowp2007_eng.pdf
  • UN-HABITAT (United Nations Human Settlements Programme),2003, The challenge of slums: Global report on human settlements 2003, Earthscan Publications Ltd. London& Sterling, VA, viewed 11 May 2015, from https://www.un.org/ruleoflaw/files/Challenge%20of%20Slums.pdf
  • UN-HABITAT, 2008, State of the world’s cities 2010/2011: Bridging the urban divide, UN HABITAT, Nairobi, viewed 11 May 2015, from https://unhabitat.org/books/state-of-the worlds-cities-20102011-cities-for-all-bridging-the-urban-divide/#
  • UN-HABITAT, 2010, The state of African cities 2010: Governance, inequality and urban
    land markets, UN-HABITAT, Nairobi, viewed 29 April 2017, from https://www.citiesalliance.org/sites/citiesalliance.org/files/UNH_StateofAfricanCities_2010.pdf
  • UN-HABITAT, 2014, The state of African cities 2014: Re-imagining sustainable urban
    transitions, UN-HABITAT, Nairobi, viewed 11 May 2015, from https://unhabitat.org/books/state-of-african-cities-2014-re-imagining-sustainable-urban-transitions/
  • Van Schalkwyk, A., 2014, ‘Space, place and ecology: Doing ecofeminist urban theology in Gauteng’, HTS TeologieseStudies/Theological Studies 70(3), Art.#2767, 13 pages. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v70i3.2767
  • Van Wyngaard, G.J., 2016, ‘White theology in dialogue with Black Theology: Exploring the
    contribution of Klippies Kritzinger’, HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 72(1), a3033. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v72i1.3033.
  • Vellem, V.S., 2012, ‘Interlocution and black theology of liberation in the 21st century: A reflection’, Studia Historiae Ecclesiasticae 38(suppl.), 345–360.
  • Vellem, V.S., 2013, ‘A critical black analysis of the church’s role in the post-apartheid struggle for socio-economic justice’, Studia Historiae Ecclesiasticae 39(2), 113– 130.
  • Vellem, V.S., 2014a, ‘Life-giving assets at a Johannesburg informal settlement: Black faith and the false gods of multi-culturalism in the twenty-first century’, in R.D. Smith, W. Ackah & A.G. Reddie (eds.), Churches, blackness, and contested multiculturalism: Europe, Africa, and North America, pp. 207–212, Palgrave MacMillan, New York, NY.
  • Vellem, V.S., 2014b, ‘Spirituality of liberation: A conversation with African religiosity’, HTS
    Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 70(1), Art.#2752, 7 pages.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ hts.v70i1.2752
  • Vellem, V.S., 2014c, ‘The task of urban black public theology’, HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological  Studies 70(3), Art.#2728, 6 pages. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v70i3.2728
  • Vellem V.S., 2015, ‘Unshackling the Church’, HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 71(3), Art. #3119, 5 pages. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v71i3.3119
  • Vellem, V.S., 2016a, ‘Epistemological dialogue as prophetic: A Black theological perspective’, Scriptura 115(1). http://dx.doi.org/10.7833/115-0-1201
  • Vellem, V.S., 2016b, ‘Tiyo Soga: Violence, disruption and dislocation in the white polis’, HTS
    Teologiese Studies/ Theological Studies 72(1), a3563. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v72i1.3563
  • Winkler, T., 2006a, ‘Kwerekwere journeys into strangeness: Reimagining inner city regeneration in Hillbrow, Johannesburg’, unpublished PhD thesis, University of British Columbia.
  • Winkler, T., 2006b, ‘Reimagining inner city regeneration in Hillbrow, Johannesburg: Identifying a role for faith-based community development’, Planning Theory and Practice 7(1), 79–91. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0042098008094875
  • Winkler, T., 2008a, ‘Super-sizing community development initiatives: The case of Hillbrow’s faith sector, International Journal of Public Theology 2(1), 47–69.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/156973208X256448
  • Winkler, T., 2008b, ‘When God and poverty collide: Exploring the myths of faith-sponsored community development’, Urban Studies 45(10), 2099–2116.
  • Winkler, T., 2013, ‘Why Won’t Downtown Johannesburg ‘Regenerate’? Reassessing Hillbrow as a Case Example’, Urban Forum 24(3), 309-324.
  1. Ribbens, M. & De Beer, S.F., 2017, ‘Churches claiming a
    right to the city? Lived urbanisms in the City of
    Tshwane’, HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 73(3), a4690. https://doi.
    org/10.4102/hts.v73i3.4690
  2. Ribbens, M.L. & Van Dyke, J., 2018, ‘Born from below: Urban regeneration through incarnational theological formation in Guatemala City and beyond’, HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 74(3), a5039. https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v74i3.5039

Workbooks:

  1. Doing Theology in the City
  2. Researching Urban Neighbourhoods
  3. Understanding Urban Congregations
  4. Understanding Urban Systems and Power
  5. Concrete Spirituality: Reading the Bible in the City,
  6. Making Ministry Multicultural
  7. Developing Community Ministries

Short courses:

  1. Intro to Urban Ministry (3-day),
  2. Starting and Sustaining Community Projects (3-day),
  3. Building Sustainable Urban Community Organizations (1-year)

Name: Michael
Surname: Ribbens
Position at the institution: Director, Institute for Urban Ministry
Email address: mribbens@crcna.org