Spiritan International School of Theology (SIST)
Overview of the City
Enugu, the capital city of Enugu state is in South Eastern Nigeria. Enugu, named after the Udi Hill tops, is translated from the Igbo words Enu(High) and Ugwu (Hill). It is one of the 36 states in Nigeria and arguably one of the earliest urban centres in Igboland and Nigeria. Enugu is also called the “coal city” following the discovery and mining of coal in commercial quantity in 1909 (Iyi 2014; Nwalu et al 2017; Emodi 2018). Enugu is one of the urban agglomerates (UNDESA 2018) in Nigeria with intra state and inter-state migration It has an estimated annual population growth of 2.8%. (Nwalu et al), and has served as the capital city of the former East Central State, the defunct Republic of Biafra, old Anambra state and from 1996, capital of Enugu state. Enugu city with its urban sprawl hosts about 24 informal settlements, located in close proximity to 19 formal settlements (Nwalu et al). Enugu provides a litmus test for imagining African urban fractures and futures.